1 – As the sun warms the Earth’s surface , the atmosphere warms too. Warm air , which weighs less than cold air , rises. Then cool air moves in and replaces the rising warm air. This movement of air is what makes the wind blow.
2 – Wind is the movement of large amounts of air. Even though we can’t see air , we know that it is made up of molecules of different kinds of gasses , mostly nitrogen and oxygen. When lots of these molecules move , usually in one direction , we call this wind.
3 – Wind is caused by differences of pressure in the Earth’s atmosphere. Air from a high pressure area will move towards an area of low pressure. High winds are caused when air moves between areas with large differences in air pressure.
4 – On Earth , the main differences in air pressure are caused by differences in temperature. Cool air produces high air pressure and warm air produces low air pressure.
5 – Winds have an important role in forming clouds and descending rains.
6 – Winds carry dust atoms and these atoms ascend to the upper layers , up to many kilometers , where temperature is very low to form drops which make heavy clouds weighing hundred thousands to millions of tons!!
7 – Winds fertilize the clouds which cause rains to descend from the sky.
8 – The descended water is pure and drinkable.
9 – Wind can provide energy through the use of wind turbines.
10 – Sailing ships use wind to power their movement with the help of sails.
11 – Wind is the fastest growing source of electricity in the world.
12 – One example of a local wind is the wind that blows on the ocean coast. During the day , the land heats up faster than the ocean. This causes a “sea breeze” that blows from the ocean into the land. During the night , the land will cool down faster than the ocean and the opposite will occur. Warm air over the water will rise and cool air from the land, called a “land breeze” , will blow out to the ocean.
13 – Scientists discovered that clouds in the sky have a huge weight which is up to millions of tons. In spite of that weight clouds still there.
- Do you think the hundreds thousands of idols , divinities and statues that people worship who has created the water , cloud , wind and rains ?
- How can it be possible?
- These idols , divinities and statues are not creators for they are made of stone , clay , metal , plastic etc by men! Men has designed and cut them into a desired shapes and given them different names!
- The Creator must have a different nature from the things He created , because if He were of the same nature as them , He would be temporal and would therefore need a maker. Therefore , nothing is like Him. If the Maker is not temporal , then He must be Eternal. The Eternal cannot be bound by limitations.
- He is The King Who has no partner , The One Who has no competitor. Every kingship is bound to perish except His.
- He is The Self-Sufficient , Who has no offspring , and The Ever High , none like unto Him.
- Until the beginning of the 20th century , the only relationship known between the wind and the rain was that it was the wind that drove the clouds. However , modern meteorological findings have demonstrated the “fecundating” role of the wind in the formation of rain.
- In one verse of the Qur’an , The Creator tells us about the “fecundating” characteristic of the winds , and the resulting formation of rain are mentioned.
- And We send the fecundating winds, then cause water to descend from the sky , therewith providing you with water in abundance. (Qur’an, Al-Hijr -15:22)
- This fecundating function of the wind works in the following way:
- On the surface of oceans and seas , a large number of air bubbles form because of the water’s foaming action. The moment these bubbles burst , thousands of tiny particles , with a diameter of just one hundredth of a millimetre , are thrown up into the air. These particles , known as “aerosols,” mix with dust carried from the land by the wind , and are carried to the upper layers of the atmosphere. These particles carried to higher altitudes by winds come into contact with water vapour up there. Water vapour condenses around these particles and turns into water droplets. These water droplets first come together and form clouds , and then fall to the Earth in the form of rain. As mentioned , winds “fecundate” the water vapour floating in the air with the particles they carry from the sea , and eventually help the formation of rain clouds.
- Further information provided in the verse about the fertilising quality of the wind is its role in the pollination of flowers. Many plants on Earth disperse their pollen by means of the wind in order to ensure the survival of their species. The wind carries the pollen from the plants to others of the species, thus fertilising them.
- Until recently , the way that the wind was able to fertilise plants was unknown. When it was realised , however , that plants are divided into males and females , the fertilising role of the wind was also discovered. This truth was already indicated in the Qur’an:
- “… [He] sent down water from the sky by which We have brought forth various different types of plants in pairs.” (Qur’an, Ta-Ha -20:53)